Haruhi Suzumiya (涼宮ハルヒ, Suzumiya Haruhi?) is the general name for a series of light novels written by Nagaru Tanigawa and illustrated by Noizi Ito, and subsequently adapted into other media. The story follows the title character, Haruhi Suzumiya, a high school girl who can unconsciously change reality, and her strange antics with her school club, the SOS Brigade, which she founded to investigate any mysterious happenings. Haruhi forcibly drafts her cynical classmate Kyon who narrates the series, and similarly recruits three additional members into her club: the silent bibliophile Yuki Nagato, the shy and timid Mikuru Asahina, and the friendly “mysterious exchange student” Itsuki Koizumi. These members soon reveal themselves to Kyon as the extraordinary characters Haruhi is seeking, sent by their various organizations to observe her and hold her reality warping powers in check by maintaining the illusion of a normal life.
The first novel was published in Japan on June 6, 2003 by Kadokawa Shoten, with nine individual novels published and a planned tenth as of April 1, 2007 (2007 -04-01)[update]. The light novels have been adapted into four separate manga series, five video games, a television anime adaptation, and two original net animations. After the anime adaption aired in 2006, publishing company Kadokawa Shoten received various offers licensing both the novels and its various adaptations.
The novels are licensed for English language release in the United States by Little, Brown Books for Young Readers and Yen Press and the anime adaptation was licensed for North American distribution by Kadokawa Pictures USA division, which then sublicensed production and distribution to Bandai Entertainment, until they lost the rights in October 2009.
Haruhi is the title character and leader of the SOS Brigade, whose energetic and eccentric character proves to be a driving force for the series. She has a mind for adventure, which often leads her subordinates to be swept into her plans. She expresses anger and jealousy towards Mikuru about Kyon, but never lets her friend Mikuru pay the price, often leaving the blame to Kyon.
Kyon is a student who unintentionally runs into Haruhi and is the only normal human in the SOS Brigade. Even though Haruhi is the title character, the story is told through his viewpoint. Through narration and dialogue, he provides his insight, perspective, and opinions on the series’ events. Kyon is often annoyed by Haruhi’s demands, but also is bewildered by her. Kyon likes to look at Mikuru, and often comments on how cute she is.
Yuki is a biblophile humanoid interface created by the Data Overmind, whose responsibilities involve monitoring Haruhi and the investigation of an unexplained “explosion of data” three years prior to the present story. She possesses an ability to manipulate her surrounding environment.
Mikuru is a time traveler from the distant future who is assigned to investigate the reason behind the inability to travel to any point in time before three years prior to the present story. Mikuru is a soft-spoken girl who almost always willingly follows Haruhi’s demands. Haruhi loves dressing Mikuru up like a doll, and Haruhi is quite jealous of her and Kyon’s relationship.
Itsuki is an esper who, like the other members of “The Agency”, suddenly acquired the power to explore Closed Spaces and combat Celestials three years prior to the present story. He is fairly carefree and can be found always smiling. However, Kyon always seems to be annoyed by him.